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Achilles Tendonitis

Overview

What Is Achilles Tendonitis?

The Achilles tendon is the longest tendon in the body, connecting the calf muscles to the heel bone. The calf muscles consist of two muscles, the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle. If your Achilles tendon is overused or under repetitive stress you can develop tendonitis, characterized by inflammation and pain of the tendon.
Symptoms

What Are The Symptoms Of Achilles Tendonitis?

The most common symptom of Achilles tendonitis is a mild ache or pain in the back of the lower-leg or above the heel, especially first thing in the morning and after exercise. The tendon can also be warm, swollen and irritated with certain ankle movements.
Treatment

How Do I Treat Achilles Tendonitis?

Achilles tendonitis treatment may include:

If you have persistent heel or ankle pain, schedule a diagnostic assessment with our foot specialists to identify the cause of pain.

To schedule best foot care treatment appointment with our licensed Chiropodists (foot specialists), use the booking form below or call 416-769-FEET(3338).

Our Toronto foot clinic is open six days a week. We offer a large selection of supportive footwear, sneakers, and cushioning insoles (see What’s In Store) for Achilles tendonitis.

You do not need a referral to become a patient at our Foot clinic.

Causes

What Causes Achilles Tendonitis?

Achilles tendonitis develops when the Achilles tendon becomes swollen and inflamed due to persistent intense strain on the tendon. Without proper treatment, Achilles tendonitis can turn into Achilles tendonosis, which leads to thickening, scarring and weakness of the tendon over time. Tendonosis is due to small micro tears developing within the tendon without inflammation and can be even more difficult to treat than tendonitis. Often, nearby structures including the paratenon or retrocalcaneal bursa can be the cause of the problem, so it is important to have a foot specialist treat the condition appropriately.
For another common cause of heel pain see plantar fasciitis.
If you have persistent heel or ankle pain, schedule a diagnostic assessment with our practice to identify the cause of pain. To schedule an assessment use the booking form below or call 416-769-FEET(3338). You do not need a referral to become a patient at our clinic.
Risk Factors

Risk Factors

Certain risk factors may increase your chances of developing Achilles tendonitis:
  • Running
  • Sports that involve jumping or hopping such as tennis and basketball
  • Sports that involve quick stop-and-go motions such as football and soccer
  • Flat feet
  • Tight calf muscles
  • Running in worn-out sneakers
  • Wearing shoes with elevated heels for long periods of time
Prevention

How Do I Prevent Achilles Tendonitis?

There are a number of things you can do to prevent Achilles tendonitis:
  • Gradually increase activity level (duration and intensity) if starting or modifying an exercise regimen
  • Properly warm up prior to exercise
  • Stretch your calves daily
  • Stretch your calves before and after exercise
  • Combine high-impact sports with low-impact activities such as cycling and swimming
  • Replace worn out running shoes
  • Avoid wearing shoes with excessively high heels
Articles about Achilles Tendonitis by Feet First Clinic

Book an appointment for achilles tendonitis

You do not need a referral to become a patient at our foot clinic. Schedule an appointment by using the Appointment Request form below or phoning the clinic at 416-769-FEET(3338).